Tree HandBook

A B-D E-F G-P Q-Z

A

Height Diagram

Acacia boormanii

Snowy River Wattle

Typical mature height: 5m
Useful in: freeways, reserves & parks
Sites for best growth:
most

Height Diagram

Acacia implexa

Lightwood

Typical mature height: in cultivation to 10m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks, reserves
Sites for best growth:
tolerates many sites well

Height Diagram

Acacia maidenii

Maiden’s Wattle

Typical mature height: 15m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks, foreshores
Sites for best growth:
well-drained soils, full sun to semi-shade

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: to 20m in cultivation
Useful in: broad streetscapes, reserves, parks
Sites for best growth:
moist, well-drained

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Acer buergerianum

Trident Maple

Typical mature height: to 9m
Useful in: streetscapes, restricted areas
Sites for best growth:
clay soils, occasional irrigation

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Acer campestre ‘Queen Elizabeth’

Queen Elizabeth Hedge Maple

Typical mature height: 10-12m
Useful in: narrow sites, streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
suitable for fairly dry sites

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Acer monspessulanum

Montpelier Maple

Typical mature height: usually between 6-9m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks, reserves
Sites for best growth:
tolerates many sites well

Height Diagram

Acmena smithii

Lilly Pilly

Typical mature height: variable, to 15m
Useful in: streetscapes, avenues, screening
Sites for best growth:
moisture-retentive, irrigated

Agonis flexuosa

Willow Myrtle

Typical mature height: to 12m
Useful in: streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
sandy, poor soils

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Typical mature height: to 8m
Useful in: height-restricted areas, as screening
Sites for best growth:
moist-to-dry, well-drained

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Allocasuarina torulosa

Forest Oak, Rose Sheoak

Typical mature height: 5-12m in Melbourne
Useful in: streetscapes, reserves and parks
Sites for best growth:

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Typical mature height: variable 5 to 10m
Useful in: height-restricted poor soils
Sites for best growth:
most sites appropriate

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Angophora costata

Smooth-barked Apple

Typical mature height: 20m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks
Sites for best growth:
all with free drainage

Angophora hispida

Dwarf Apple

Typical mature height: 8m
Useful in: restricted space streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
all with free drainage

Height Diagram

Araucaria heterophylla

Norfolk Island Pine

Typical mature height: 30m+
Useful in: streetscapes, avenues, foreshores
Sites for best growth:
well-drained, sands

Height Diagram

Arbutus species

Madrone, Strawberry Tree

Typical mature height: 6-9m
Useful in: parks & display plantings
Sites for best growth:
well-drained, some irrigation

B-D

Banksia ‘Giant Candles’

‘Giant Candles’ Banksia

Typical mature height: to 5m
Useful in: streetscapes, as display
Sites for best growth:
all well-drained, in full sun

Height Diagram

Banksia integrifolia

Coast Banksia

Typical mature height: to 15m in cultivation
Useful in: width-restricted areas
Sites for best growth:
most soils, both wet and sandy

Height Diagram

Banksia marginata

Silver Banksia

Typical mature height: MTG provenances 5-8m
Useful in: streetscapes, as display
Sites for best growth:
all well-drained, in full sun to semi-shade

Height Diagram

Brachychiton acerifolius and hybrids

Illawara Flame Tree & Griffith Pink

Typical mature height: typically 8-20m
Useful in: parks, nature strips, carparks
Sites for best growth:
many, including hostile

Height Diagram

Brachychiton populneus

Kurrajong Bottle Tree

Typical mature height: 5- 15 m
Useful in: parks, carparks, nature strips.
Sites for best growth:
High - low fertile soils, good drainage.

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 20m
Useful in: Parks, reserves, streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
Well-drained soils, but generally widely adapted.

Height Diagram

Callistemon hybrids

‘Harkness’ & ‘Kings Park Special’ (Bottlebrush)

Typical mature height: to 6m (‘Harkness’)
Useful in: streetscapes, reserves & parks
Sites for best growth:
many site conditions

Height Diagram

Callistemon salignus

Willow Bottlebrush

Typical mature height: 7m
Useful in: height-restricted areas
Sites for best growth:
all with reasonable irrigation

Height Diagram

Calodendrum capense

Cape Chestnut

Typical mature height: 10m
Useful in: Parks, reserves, streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
Well drained soils, access to some summer water

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Typical mature height: in Melbourne to 20m
Useful in: streetscapes, avenues, mass plantings
Sites for best growth:
reasonably well-drained

Height Diagram

Ceanothus arboreus 'Trewithen Blue'

Trewithen Blue Island Ceanothus

Typical mature height: 5m
Useful in: Parks and reserves and possibly some street plantings
Sites for best growth:
Best with well-drained sites

Height Diagram

Ceratonia siliqua

Carob or St John's Bread

Typical mature height:
Useful in: background foil, street tree
Sites for best growth:
all well drained soils

Height Diagram

Cercis chinensis 'Avondale'

Avondale Chinese Redbud

Typical mature height: 3m
Useful in: Parks, reserves, small streets.
Sites for best growth:
Well drained sites with some irrigation over Summer

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 20m
Useful in: mature streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
most, ample water best

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: to 20m in Melbourne
Useful in: avenues, parks
Sites for best growth:
most soil types, full sun

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: most often 12m in Melbourne
Useful in: streetscapes, avenues, parks
Sites for best growth:
most soil types, full sun

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Typical mature height: to 15m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks
Sites for best growth:
all with free drainage

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: to 20m in Melbourne
Useful in: broad streets, avenues, parks and reserves
Sites for best growth:
moist-to-dry, coastal sands

Height Diagram

Dracaena draco

Dragons Blood Tree

Typical mature height: 8m
Useful in: parks, large avenue plantings, and maritime plantings
Sites for best growth:
significant reflective heat, well drained soils, locations with temperatures above -10C minimum.

E-F

Height Diagram

Elaeocarpus eumundii

Eumundi Quandong or Smooth-leaved Quandong

Typical mature height: 8m (maximum 3m breadth)
Useful in: evergreen screen, planter boxes
Sites for best growth:
deep fertile well - drained soils, full sun to part shade, frost free.

Height Diagram

Eribotrya deflexa

Bronze Loquat

Typical mature height: 5m in Melbourne
Useful in: Parks, reserves, streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
Well-drained sites

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Typical mature height: 15m+
Useful in: parks, reserves, broad avenues
Sites for best growth:
clay soils, available water

Height Diagram

Eucalyptus kitsoniana

Gippsland Mallee

Typical mature height: 5-8m in Melbourne
Useful in: streetscapes, planter boxes, freeways
Sites for best growth:
most, including waterlogged

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: from 4 to 30m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks, most locations
Sites for best growth:
most sites, provenance-specific

Height Diagram

Eucalyptus mannifera

Red Spotted Gum

Typical mature height: to 20m, ‘Little Spotty’ to 8m
Useful in: streetscsapes, parks
Sites for best growth:
dry, well-drained

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: to 20m
Useful in: broad streets, parks
Sites for best growth:
acid pH, well-drained

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: to 20m
Useful in: avenues, parks, broad streets
Sites for best growth:
most, well-drained & gravelly

Height Diagram

Eucalyptus radiata

Narrow-leaved Peppermint

Typical mature height: most to 20m
Useful in: broad streets, parks
Sites for best growth:
tolerates most soils, conditions

Height Diagram

Eucalyptus scoparia

Wallangara White Gum

Typical mature height: 12m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks
Sites for best growth:
relatively dry, well-drained

Height Diagram

Eucalyptus sideroxylon ‘Rosea’

‘Rosea’ Red Ironbark

Typical mature height: variable to 20m
Useful in: broad streetscapes, parks
Sites for best growth:
all reasonably well-drained

Height Diagram

Eucalyptus tricarpa

Red Ironbark

Typical mature height: 20m+
Useful in: parks, reserves
Sites for best growth:
well-drained to dry soils

Height Diagram

Ficus macrophylla

Moreton Bay Fig

Typical mature height:
Useful in: broad streetscapes, parks
Sites for best growth:
moisture retentive but well-drained soils; low frost

Height Diagram

Ficus microcarpa var. hillii

Hill’s Weeping Fig

Typical mature height: to 15m
Useful in: streetscapes, displays
Sites for best growth:
moisture retentive but well-drained

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: to 8m
Useful in: streetscapes, displays
Sites for best growth:
moisture retentive but well-drained

Height Diagram

Fraxinus ornus

Flowering Ash

Typical mature height: to 10m
Useful in: parks, broad streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
well drained, irrigated

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 13-15m in Melbourne
Useful in: streetscapes, reserves and parks
Sites for best growth:
most sites appropriate

G-P

Height Diagram

Geijera parviflora

Wilga, Australian Willow

Typical mature height: to 9m
Useful in: streetscapes, height-restricted areas
Sites for best growth:
well-drained, all pH

Height Diagram

Ginkgo biloba

Maidenhair Tree

Typical mature height: 15m (with extreme age)
Useful in: streetscapes, park plantings
Sites for best growth:
clays, most sites

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 20m
Useful in: broad streets, roundabouts
Sites for best growth:
all well-drained sites

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 3.5m in Melbourne
Useful in: Parks and reserves
Sites for best growth:
Reasonable drainage, frost free

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 4m in Melbourne
Useful in: Parks, reserves, streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
Warm to hot, reasonable drainage

Height Diagram

Koelreuteria paniculata

Golden-rain Tree

Typical mature height: 7-10m
Useful in: avenues, broad streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
acid or alkaline sites, in full sun

Height Diagram

Lagerstroemia hybrids

‘Comanche/‘Natchez’/‘Tuscarora’/‘Yuma’/‘Zuni’

Typical mature height: 3.5 to 8m
Useful in: all uses
Sites for best growth:
fortnightly summer irrigation

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: variable, to 15m
Useful in: streetscapes, avenues
Sites for best growth:
well-drained, some irrigation

Heigth Diagram

Maclura pomifera ‘Wichita’

Wichita Osage Orange

Typical mature height: to 20m with age
Useful in: broad streetscapes, parks
Sites for best growth:
most

Height Diagram

Magnolia grandiflora cvs.

Bull Bay Magnolia

Typical mature height: 5-10m
Useful in: street tree parks
Sites for best growth:
water retentive soils; heat

Height Diagram

Melia azedarach 'Elite'

Chinaberry, White Cedar

Typical mature height: most often up to 10m
Useful in: streetscapes, roundabouts
Sites for best growth:
all, occasional summer water is best

Height Diagram

Olea europaea selections

‘Swan Hill’ and ‘Tolley’s Upright’ Olive

Typical mature height: 7m
Useful in: streetscapes, reserves & parks
Sites for best growth:
tolerate most site conditions

Height Diagram

Pinus canariensis

Canary Island Pine

Typical mature height: 20-45m
Useful in: Accent planting; avenues ; clipped hedge or screen.
Sites for best growth:
Coastal plantings, parks and roadsides. Optimal locations are where rainfall is greater than 750mm per year.

Height Diagram

Pinus halepensis

Aleppo Pine or Jerusalem Pine

Typical mature height: 10-20m
Useful in: Large landscapes; road verges; backdrop screening and mass plantings
Sites for best growth:
Will grow well in sites of less than 250mm rainfall

Height Diagram

Pinus pinea

Italian Stone Pine or Umbrella Pine

Typical mature height: 25m variable
Useful in: Broad road verges, parks, near coastal planting.
Sites for best growth:
well-drained, slightly acidic soils

Height Diagram

Pistacia chinensis

Chinese Pistachio

Typical mature height: 10m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks
Sites for best growth:
well-drained sites, very versatile

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 5-9m
Useful in: nature strips or hedging screen
Sites for best growth:
many site conditions suitable, non-water logged soils.

Height Diagram

Platanus orientalis ‘Autumn Glory’ & ‘Digitata’ (Hillier Nursery Form)

‘Autumn Glory’ & ‘Digitata’ (Hillier Nursery Form)

Typical mature height: <18m
Useful in: streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
well-drained, occasional irrigation

Height Diagram

Platanus x acerifolia ‘Columbia’ & ‘Liberty’

‘Columbia’ & ‘Liberty’ hybrid Plane

Typical mature height: 30m
Useful in: broad streetscapes, pollarded
Sites for best growth:
tolerant of most sites

Height Diagram

Pyrus calleryana cultivars

Callery Pear selections

Typical mature height: 11-14m
Useful in: all landscape situations
Sites for best growth:
organic soils, irrigated

Height Diagram

Pyrus fauriei 'Westwood'

Westwood Asian Pear

Typical mature height: 4m in Melbourne
Useful in: Parks, reserves, streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
Widely adapted

Height Diagram

Pyrus nivalis

Snow Pear

Typical mature height: 15m
Useful in: Parks, reserves, streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
Generally widely adapted if some summer water is available

Height Diagram

Pyrus ussuriensis var. ovoidea

True Manchurian or Ussurian Pear

Typical mature height: 12-13m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks, display
Sites for best growth:
organic soils, irrigated

Q-Z

Height Diagram

Quercus bicolor

Swamp White Oak

Typical mature height: 15m
Useful in: avenues, parks, broad streets
Sites for best growth:
ample water best

Height Diagram

Quercus canariensis

Algerian Oak

Typical mature height: >20m
Useful in: parks, very broad streets
Sites for best growth:
most

Height Diagram

Quercus cerris

Turkey Oak

Typical mature height: to 30m
Useful in: parks, broad streets
Sites for best growth:
Seemingly anywhere

Height Diagram

Quercus coccinea

Scarlet Oak

Typical mature height: 20m
Useful in: broad streets, avenues, parks
Sites for best growth:
well-drained, gravelly sites

Height Diagram

Quercus ilex

Holly Oak or Holme Oak

Typical mature height: 20m in Melbourne
Useful in: reserves, parks & broad nature strips
Sites for best growth:
most sites appropriate

Height Diagram

Typical mature height:
Useful in: streetscapes, avenues, parks
Sites for best growth:
clay soils, moist sites

Height Diagram

Quercus robur

English Oak

Typical mature height: 20m
Useful in: wide areas for the broad canopy
Sites for best growth:
most sites

Height Diagram

Quercus rubra

Red Oak

Typical mature height: 20m
Useful in: avenues, parks, broad streets
Sites for best growth:
tolerates most, ample water best

Height Diagram

Quercus suber

Cork Oak

Typical mature height: 20m in Melbourne
Useful in: reserves & parks
Sites for best growth:
most sites appropriate

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 12m
Useful in: Parks, reserves, streetscapes
Sites for best growth:
Best in well-drained sites but widely adapted

Height Diagram

Sequoia sempervirens

Coastal Redwood

Typical mature height: 25-30m in Melbourne
Useful in: parks and large avenues
Sites for best growth:
sheltered conditions, summer moist soils

Height Diagram

Sequoiadendron giganteum

Californian Big Tree, Sierra Redwood

Typical mature height: 30-40m in Melbourne
Useful in: specimen park tree
Sites for best growth:
Cool humid conditions with constantly moist soil.

Height Diagram

Taxodium distichum

Bald Cypress

Typical mature height:
Useful in: parks, broad avenues
Sites for best growth:
moist soils, complete pH range

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 8m
Useful in: streetscapes, under powerlines
Sites for best growth:

Height Diagram

Ulmus parvifolia

Chinese Elm

Typical mature height: 13m
Useful in: all areas
Sites for best growth:
fortnightly summer irrigation

Height Diagram

Ulmus ‘Sapporo Autumn Gold’

Sapporo Autumn Gold Elm

Typical mature height: 15m
Useful in: streetscapes, parks
Sites for best growth:
fortnightly irrigation

Height Diagram

Waterhousea floribunda

Weeping Lillypilly

Typical mature height: 15-20m
Useful in: screening & parks
Sites for best growth:
moist, protected from wind

Height Diagram

Typical mature height: 10m
Useful in: Parks, reserves, street tree if pruned carefully
Sites for best growth:
Hot, dry sites, acid to slightly alkaline soils